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Library Laws

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Promulgated on January 17, 2001, byPresidential Order No. Zong-tong-hua-zong-yi-zih No. 9000009320

Amended on February 2, 2015, byPresidential Order No. Zong-tong-hua-zong-yi-zih No. 10400012521

Article 1

This law was formulated to facilitatethe growth of public libraries and enable them to serve as sources ofcomprehensive information used to support education, cultural development,academic research, and life-time learning. Details that are not addressed inthis law shall be governed by other relevant laws where applicable.


Article 2

Libraries as named in this law referspecifically to facilities created for the purpose of collecting, organizingpreserving, and producing published information for use by the general publicor other designated parties.


The aforementioned term"published information" includes books, periodicals, newspapers,audio and visual recordings, digital media, and Internet resources.


Article 3

The "designated authorities"mentioned in this law refer to the Ministry of Education at the centralgovernment level; municipal governments at the municipal level; and the county(city) governments at the respective county (city) level.


Article 4

Government and academic institutions(organizations) shall establish libraries where needed, or encourageindividuals, corporate entities, and/or non-profit organizations to do so.


Libraries shall be classified into thefollowing categories based on their founders, target audience, and purposes:


1. National libraries: refers tolibraries founded by the central government which mainly serve governmentinstitutions, corporate entities, non-profit organizations, and researchers.They gather and organize a nationwide collection of published information;their existence helps preserve culture; facilitates academic research; andguides the development of all other categories of libraries.


2. Public libraries: refers tolibraries founded by other designated authorities, local township/city offices,individuals, corporate entities, or non-profit organizations which mainly servethe local community. In addition to housing published information, publiclibraries also serve to promote lifelong learning and organize educational andcultural activities, including reading.


3. College libraries: refers tolibraries founded by various colleges which mainly serve their own instructorsand students. College libraries support academic research, teaching activities,and promote knowledge within their respective institutions, and are open to thepublic to a certain extent.


4. School libraries: refers tolibraries founded by schools of primary and secondary educational institutionswhich mainly serve school teachers and students. School libraries offer theresources needed to facilitate teaching and learning, while its existence alsohelps educate the use of library resources.


5. Special-purpose libraries: refersto libraries founded by government institutions, individuals, corporateentities, or non-profit organizations which mainly serve their own employees orcertain interest groups. These libraries gather and offer published informationrelating to particular themes or topics.


Article 5

The foundation, organization,qualification of professional personnel, expenditure, collection development,facilities, operation management and service promotion as well as otherproceedingsfor all libraries shall be stipulated by the central competentauthority.


Article 6

The methods used for classifying,indexing, filing, and searching published information shall be developed by anational library, a professional corporation, or a non-profit organizationappointed by the central designated authority.


Article 7

All libraries shall provide theirtarget audience with fair, unrestricted, timely, and convenience accesses topublished information.


The services offered above are subjectto compliance with the Copyright Act and to the rules of usage imposed by therespective libraries.


Article 8

Libraries may develop policies tooutline users' rights and obligations in reading, referencing, searching, andtransferring published information.


Article 9

Services offered by libraries include:interviewing, indexing, collection, review, referencing, searching, andtransferring of published information; promotion of library use, inter-librarycollaboration, convenience for special readers (such as persons with visual,hearing, learning, and reading disabilities), and exchanges of publications;creation, maintenance, and development of library information network anddatabase.


Regulations of collection, transfer,provision and technique specifications of special format materials for personswith disabilities described in the previous paragraph shall be stipulated bythe central competent authority.


Each library shall adequately budgetfor the services described in paragraph one.


Article 10

Each library shall be managed by onecurator, director, or administrator, and may engage specialists to deliver theabove services.


The curator, director, oradministrator of a public library must be chaired by person of adequateprofessional capacity.

In the case of public libraries, the personnel described in paragraph one shallbe appointed according to the Civil Service Employment Act, and the Act ofGoverning the Appointment of Educators or other acts wherever applicable. 1in accordance with stipulations of the Civil Service Employment Act and,if necessary, stipulations of the Statute Governing the Employment ofEducational Personnel.


Article 11

Designated authorities may assembleadvisory committees to plan, coordinate and facilitate the development ofvarious libraries under their governance.


Any gender shall be no less than onethird of the advisory committee members described above.


Article 12

Libraries of various categories maycollaborate, form alliances, and develop integrated information networks toenhance the collection, management, and use of published information.


Article 13

Libraries may loan, exchange, or giftresources with each other to achieve more effective sharing of information.


Article 14

Libraries may, to a maximum of 3% oftheir total collection each year, write-off publications that are damaged,destroyed, obsolete, or rendered unusable.


Article 15

For the purpose of preservingnationwide publications, national libraries have been legally appointed ascollectors of all domestic publications.


For any publication mentioned inArticle 2, paragraph 2, the publisher, whether it is a government institution,school, individual, corporate entity, or non-profit organization, shall, at thetime of publication, provide one copy to the national library and to theParliamentary Library, Legislative Yuan. Government publications, however, aregoverned by other relevant laws.


The central competent authority shallencourage the publishers described above to deposit their publications with theNational Librarian.


Article 16

The central competent authority shallestablish a guidance system to support library development.


Article 17

The designated authorities shallconduct regular performance evaluations of the libraries under theirgovernance. Rewards and/or subsidies shall be given to the top-performers,while improvements are to be demanded from those with undesirable performance.


Article 18

The national library may imposefine(s) totaling 10 times the retail price of a publication if the publisherviolates Article 15, Paragraph 2 of this act and fails to submit a copy of thepublication within the timeframe designated by the national library. Fine(s)may be imposed continuously until a copy is submitted.


Article 19

This act shall be effective from thedate of promulgation.


Published in Zong-tong-fu Gong-bao(Office of the President Gazette), Vol. 7179 (Feb. 4, 2015), pp. 58-61.


Last Update Time:2015-11-19